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Nijni Novgorod

Also known as Nizhny, the town is the fourth city in Russia after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk Petresburg. It has a population of 1,311,252 inhabitants. The city is the center of the vast economic and cultural-Viatka Volga economic region and also the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod region and the Volga Federal District.

Between 1932 and 1990, the city was called Gorky, named so in honor of the writer Maxim Gorky.
Most of the historic city center consists of buildings in Renaissance style Stalinist and Russian Empire. The representative image of the city is the Kremlin walls (1500 – 1511), with towers built of red brick. After the Bolshevik demolitions, the only remaining original building within the walls of fortifications was Archangel Cathedral (1624-1631), where was building a place of worship higher than earlier in the thirteenth century.

Other points of tourist interest are two medieval monasteries: Caves Monastery (a cathedral with five domes austere (1632) and two churches with tent-shaped roof in 1640), and the Monastery of the Annunciation (surrounded by strong walls, the city with a cathedral with five towers (1649) and Church of the Annunciation (1678)). It is the only private house preserved from ancient times to the home of merchant Puşnikov.

The most original and beautiful churches of the city were built by Stroganov merchant family in the Baroque style. These include the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin in the center, or Church of Our Lady of Smolensk (1694-1697) of Gordeevka suburb near where the old, Stroganov Palace.

Other churches that worth to be seen are:

Savior Cathedral, the so-called New Cathedral exhibitions newly rebuilt Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist (1676-1683), located near the Kremlin walls, used in Soviet times as a block of flats; the Church of the Annunciation of the Holy Hill Iliel; worship of the faithful old Bugrovskoe Cemetery (1910), Church of the Holy Wood Interventions (1660), brought in Nizhny Novgorod in the countryside.

Nizhny Novgorod has many satellite industrial cities – Kstovo, Dzerzhinsk, and Bor.Semionov city in the north of Nizhny Novgorod, is a center of famous producers of Holloman objects painted on wood. Another satellite town, Balahna is famous for its medieval architecture.

The city has many museums – art, history and culture. What gives a special note however is this gallery which is amazing with its collection of Russian avant-garde – Casimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky, Natalia Gonciarova and Mikhail Larionov. There is also an important collection of Oriental art.

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